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Front Groups Indonesia

Indonesia White Cigarette Manufacturer (GAPRINDO)
This organisation represents the transnational tobacco corporations such as PMI, BAT and JTI and routinely opposes tobacco control measures such as excise tax increase on tobacco claiming it will worsen cigarette smuggling problem, supporting a pro-tobacco industry bill in parliament.

On 12 March 2015 GAPRINDO opposed a ban on outdoor advertising in Jakarta claiming, many Government Regulations cause hurdles to the tobacco industry and a ban on outdoor cigarette ads will be a burden to the industry. (Ref: Harian Ekonomi) However on 20 March, Bisnis.com reported PMI’s PT Hanjaya Mandala Sampoerna Tbk. (HMSP) made a net profit of Rp80.69 trillion (US$8 billion) in 2014, an increase of 7.55% compared to the previous year.

 

Indonesian Cigarette Manufacturers Association (GAPPRI)
Actively opposes tobacco control measures. GAPPTI’s postulates that the cigarette industry would suffer from huge loss because of Government Regulation No. 109 Tahun 2001 about Safety of Addictive Substance in the Form of Tobacco Product to Health.

 

Indonesia Tobacco Farmers Association (APTI)
Mobilises tobacco growers to oppose tobacco control measures. In 2013, APTI staged a protest involving tens of thousands of tobacco farmers in Magelang district, Central Java to reject Government Regulation No. 109/2012 about Safety of Goods with Addictive Substance in the Form of Tobacco Product (Tobacco Regulation). APTI demanded the government cancel the regulation because it will kill the people’s economy, especially the farmers.

APTI also opposes the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and urged the government to reject accession to the FCTC. According APTI the tobacco control convention will only hurt tobacco farmers.

 

Indonesia Tobacco Society Alliance (AMTI)
Created in January 2010, the main objective of AMTI is to provide a forum for tobacco and clove farmers, workers, consumers, retailers, associations, and manufacturers of cigarettes to preserve the Indonesian tobacco industry. In June 2010, AMTI together with the ITGA co-hosted the Asia Tobacco Forum for tobacco growers from India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, S. Korea and Thailand. They claim to represent whole of Asia and drew up 12 recommendations expressing their opposition to a ban on tobacco ingredients and urged Asian governments to work alongside other governments to protect the tobacco growing sector.

 

National Coalition to Rescue Clove Cigarette (KNPK)
The National Coalition to Rescue Clove Cigarette (KNPK) actively opposes tobacco control policy, legislation and regulations. It also opposes a ban on tobacco advertising, promotions and sponsorship. The KNPK also mobilised thousands of farmers to protest against the 2012 Government Regulations in front of the Ministry of Health.

The KNPK also erected billboards with faces of 10 leading tobacco control advocates in Indonesia branding them as “enemies of farmers” as a tactic to vilify them. Among the so called “enemies” are two former Health Ministers, former President of the Indonesian Medical Association and human rights lawyers.

The KNPK exaggerates the statistics, and refuses to accept court decisions on outcome of Constitutional Court claiming the Government Regulations on addictive substances is unconstitutional. After the Government Regulations was approved, the KNPK has been actively trying to derail the implementation of the Government Regulations.

 

Indonesia Association of Tobacco Farmers Of Klaten (APTIK) 
Actively opposes tobacco control measures and staged protest in Central Java against the Government Regulations 2012 claiming it will threaten their livelihood.

 

Association of Cigarette Factories (Gapero) East Java
Gapero actively opposes tobacco tax increases saying the government’s plan to increase excise revenue by more than 10 percent was excessive and that it would bankrupt many tobacco companies. Their claim is that Indonesia will be flooded with illegal cigarettes, both foreign and domestic and this will hurt the industry and government.

In 2015, Gapero claimed pictorial health warning on cigarette pack had caused 3-5 percent decrease in cigarette sales. They warned if the small tobacco business owners were not efficient, they will face challenges and it can even kill the industry.

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